Mitigation and Adaptations to Climate Change:
The challenge Bangladesh now faces is to scale up these investments to create a suitable environment for the economic and social development of the country and to secure the well-being of our people,especially the poorest and most vulnerable groups, including women and children. In order to meet the challenge of climate change over the next 20-25 years, the Climate Change Action Plan has been created.
The Climate Change Action Plan is based on 6 pillars.
- Food security and health
- Disaster management
- Research and knowledge management
- Low carbon development
- Strengthening Government institutes
Food security and health:
Although per capita income of Bangladesh rose by 9% to $923, this fiscal year, Bangladesh is still considered poor owing to its vast income inequality and poverty trends. The poorest and most vulnerable in society, including women and children, are protected from climate change and that all programmes focus on the needs of this group for food security, safe housing, employment and accessto basic services, including health.
One of the major impacts of climate change in Bangladesh are natural disasters. Almost every year Bangladesh faces natural calamities of some form. However, its disaster management system has repeatedly proven to be efficient and has managed to gradually recover from post disaster tragedies.
Due to disasters being a regular phenomena, it has become essential to strengthen the country’s already proven disaster management systems to deal with increasingly frequent and severe natural calamities.
This is to ensure that existing assets (e.g. coastal and river embankments) are well-maintained and fit-for-purpose and that urgently needed infrastructure (e.g. cyclone shelters and Urban drainage) is put in place to deal with the likely impacts of climate change.
Research and knowledge management:
Research and knowledge management is essential to predict the likely timing of climate change impacts on different sectors of the economy, to ensure that Bangladesh is networked into the latest global thinking on climate change.
Low carbon development:
Bangladesh has been denoted as a developing country because development work of some form or the other is constantly taking place in the country. So that growing industries and agricultural sectors do not contribute to increased carbon footprint, it is important to adapt to low carbon development options and implement these as the country’s economy grows over the coming decades.
Strengthening Government institutes:
This is essential to enhance the capacity of government ministries and agencies, civil society and the private sector to meet the challenge of climate change.